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非物質文化遺產

pc加拿大門戶網站  theleapingfrog.com   2020-09-01 10:55:19   來源: 加拿大pc預測政府網站

非物質文化遺產

1、wanbang

wanbangshimingmoqingchushanxidongluqinqiangchuanyunanyanghou,yudangdimingexiaodiaorongheerchengdezhenxijuzhong,jujinyiyoujin400niandelishi,bijingju、yuju、quju、yuediaogenggulao。zaonianrenmenchengtawei“nanyangdiao”、“laobangzi”、“nanyangbangzi”,yinnanyangguchengwan,zhonghuarenmingongheguochenglihoudingmingwei“wanbang”,2006nian6yuebeiguowuyuangongbuweidiyipiguojiajifeiwuzhiwenhuayichan。

wanbangzuoweiyigexiquzhonglei,yuqitajuzhongxiangbiyouqidutexing,qiyinleshubanqiangtixi,zhuxianweiqinqiangzaoqidaxian,fayingaokangqingliang,yuzaomubangzidapeirongweiyiti,xingchengduyoufengge,changqiangfenweibenqiangyujiaqiang(yicheng“huaqiang”、“houqiang”),geleibanshizhongjieyoubenqiangyujiaqiangxiangpei,tebieshinvshengchangqiangzhongdegaobaduouyinhuaqiangyouruniaoming,kanchengzhonghuaxiquyijue。wanbangdetongchangdiaomenyoumanban、liushui、erba、sanbansidabufen,chuantongleqiyoudaxian、erxian、zhuihu、yueqin、suona、xiaoluo、shoucha、bangu、daluo、dacha、dagu、zaomubangzideng。shangshiji50niandaishi,shitanxingyinjinhegaijinshiyongdiyinzhuihu、gangsisanxianjierhu、sheng、di、menzideng,zaomubangzigaiyongtanmubangzi,jiangyuanjuzhongchunjiyuegaokang、beiliang、cuguangyinlegaigeweimingkuaikuanguang、youyangdexuanlv,70niandaichuqi,kaishicaiyongxiandaiguanleqijipipa、sanxiandeng。

qingchaozhongqi,wanbangzainanyangdiqukaishishengxing,zhoubiangexiancengtongshiyongyoujinbaijiawanbangxiban。neixiangwanbangshiyuqingxianfengsannian(1853nian),shiyouxiaguanzhenrenzhangshankaibandiyigemingwei“gongyiban”dewanbangkeban。erhoudebaiyunianzhong,wanbangxibanciqibifuluo,youqishi20shijiyilai,yuju、qujudengqitaxiqujuzhongdedaliangpujishidewanbangbanzizhujianshuailuo,dao1948nianneixiangjiefang,jincunneixiangjingneishigangzhenyitaisirensuobandewanbangxiban。1951nian,pcjianadaweibaocundifangxi,jianggaixibanshoubiangaizhi,zujianle“jianadapcyucewanbangjutuan”,cihouduocizhaoshouxueyuan,peiyangwanbangrencai,hongyangguangdawanbangyishu,jintianneixiangwanbangjutuanyichengweiquanguogaijuzhongduyiwuerdezhuanyeyanchutuanti。

2、wangmangnianliuxiudechuanshuo

wangmangnianliuxiudechuanshuoyoulaiyijiu,zaineixiangdedabufenchuanshuogushidoushigongyuan25nianqian,liuxiudengjizhiqianzainanyangfuniushanyidaibeiwangmangzhuishashidechuanshuogushi,jingguoqiannianlaiminjianliuchuan,shiqigengjiawanmeishengdong,zhuyaoshiyishan、shu、dimingdengyouteshuxianxiangdeshenhuachuanshuogushiweiticai,ru:

(1)funiushandeshenhuachuanshuo。wangmangzhuishaliuxiu,liuxiutaochujingchengchangan,zhibennanyang。wangmangpaibingweizhuidujie,yimapingchuanyouwuchuduozang,yankanyaobeizhuishang,jiliuxiuyangtiandajiao,“tianwangwoye!”gangzhusheng,yitoudaqingniucongtianerjiang,zhangkoubatatunxia,liuxiujiuyunyunhuhu,shenmeyebuzhidaole。suihou,putongyixia,liuxiucongniupiguelechulai。daitaqingxingshiyikan,zijiyidaolehenanneixianglingshantoule,zhelilinanyangjunbuyuanle,liuxiudaxi,xietianxiedi,duidaqingniushuo: “daqingniuwa,jirannijiulewodeming,jiuhaoshizuodaodiba,kuaibiangedashanbamangzeigedaolaobeishanba!”

daqingniuyiting,xinlishuohuaila,anshifengtaishanglaojundeminglinglaijiunideya,nijiaowobianshan,junzikoulimeixiyan,wokezashangtianya!zheshidaqingniubudeyi,wozaidishangbianchengbabailifuniushanle。

pc加拿大 suoyi,neixiangyoujushunkouliujiao“chishanxi,ehenan,qingniuhuazuofuniushan”deshuofa。

pc加拿大 (2)liushuxiangmaodechuanshuo。liuxiubeizhuiderenkunmafa,shizaizoubudongle,jiuzaiyikeliushuxiagunanxiama,chengliangxiejiao。ganggangzuoxia,youjianyuanchuyanchengungun,liuxiujiaokubudie: “laotianhaobuzhengyan,rujinwosizhimamu,fuzhongkongkong,nalinengzoudedong,qibuzuodengyisima?”tawangwangguandaruyun、zhixiefanmaodeliushu,xinxiang: shuxinneinengrangwoduoyihuiergaiduohaowa!gangxiangdaozheer,zhiting“kasi”yishengxiang,shushenliekaiyidaodakouzi。liuxiudaxi,fenfumaerdaohuangyequ,zijiceshenzhanjinshuduli,shukouziyou“gasi”yishenghezhule。

wangmangzhuidaodaliushuxia,bujianrenying,yiqiangeqimeichufaxie,chouchubaojianduiliushufaqihenlai,madao: “liuxiunaishiguarenxinfudahuan,zaiwangqiannian,ruyoubumailizhe,yiciweili!”shuoba,zhijiantashoubeiyihui,daliushulanyaoduanzhe。liuxiuxiahuaile,xinghaowangmangshiqizaimashanghuijianzhanshu,yaometazaoyitougenpigufenjiale。liuxiugankaiwanqian: “liushuweizhenerwang,zhenquewuyibaochang,shangruocangtianyouyan,fuliumiemang,rangliushuzaishengsantouliubei,fengchunfaya,gongrenzunshang”。

pc加拿大 liushuziliuxiudengjishoufenghou,guoranchangchu“santouliubei”,shenpiqiantiaolvfa,chunyiangran,yuranyijing,zhijinliuxiayiju: “zhongxinlaoliuwannianchun,wuxinchaliuliuchengyin”zhimeiyan。

(3)niangheshuizhonghamashi。liuxiulvbingwangfuniushanzongshenchutaowang,yitianlaidaoyizuoshandong,shizhilongdongtianqi,baixueaiai,hanfengcigu。jiangshimendanyitiejia,dongdezhidazhan,weileduguolongdong,yuwangmangzhouxuan,liuxiujuedingzaizheliniangmizaojiu,yiyuhanleng。

pc加拿大 mixiaguohou,weilefangzhiwangmangdeturanxiji,liuxiurangjiangshimendiaozhuoleyigeshihamafangzaihekoushuizhong,bingduishihamashuo: “shihamaya,wozailibianniangmiyujiu,ruguoyouwoliushitianxia,wangmanglaishinikedajiaosansheng,yishigaojie。”jiuniangchulaile,jiangshimenhezhuchunxiangkekoudemijiu,youruhuaibaohuolu,shuangxinkuaihuo。turanhekouchuanlaisanshengwajiao,liuxiudajing,manglingjiangshibajiuguanhao,shangmaqicheng。

pc加拿大 wangmangdaolaikandaoneixieniangzaogongju,mandijiucao,qidexufajizhang,huranxiangdaogangjinhekoushichuanchudesanshengwajiao,“guaiya!longdongtianhanwanwuzhemian,nalaidehamajiaoa?xiangbidingshidunzaishuizhongneizhishihamaxielutianji。”yushiwangmangbozhuanmatou,laidaoshihamashenbian,qibudayichulai,chouchubaojian,henmingxiangshihamapiguqiequ。shihou,youyuliuxiuzaizheliniangjiu,dangdirenrendingzhetiaohejiaonianghe。

pc加拿大 (4)bandaojingdechuanshuo。liuxiutaochuchangan,wangmangjinzhuibushe。yitian,liuxiurenmalaidaojuneixiangchengsanlichu,shizhizhengwu,lieriruyan,renmaganke,shizaipaobudongle,liuxiufenfurenmatingxialaizhaoshuihe。dangjiangshimenzhaodaoleyikoushuijingli,youyumeiyoutishuigongju,zhinengwangjingxingtan。liuxiujiaozhuowanfen,henbunengqingjingzhongzhishui,jieranmeizhiji。tashoubajingyan,yongliyiban,shuoyeqile,jingjing“huola”yishengbeibandao,zhijianqingqingquanshuiguguwailiu,jiangshimenjianle,qihu: “wowanghongfu!”renmayiqifulexiaquhegetongkuai。shaoshi,kuaimalaibao,wangmangrenmajiangjin。liuxiudajing,manglingjiangshishangmataoben。congmangjian,jingwangjilejiangjingfuzheng,liuyuhou,renmenbazhegedifangjiaozuo“bandaojing。”

wangmangnianliuxiudechuanshuozaineixiangbushengmeiju,huanyou“sanlangzhong”、“guajianduo”、“laoyinglaoguamachicai”、“xiangzishushangjiebozhi”、“sipingdemaiziweishenmeshudezao”dengchuanshuo。erliuxiushenbiandejianglingmen(ershibasu)yeyouzaineixiangguangweiliuchuandegushi,ru“mawuzhuanshi”、“mawuqiushi”、“mawushoufengyan”、“shoucenpeng”、“huangbachushi”、“mawanghebing”、“fujunyushanyurou”、“liulongyujieguanting”、“dengyushifazhitulong”、“chenjunyuyinshitan”、“paomalingjiafuxunma”dengdeng。huanyouwuhan、dumao、gaiyan、cenpeng、wanxiu、lizhong、renguang、fengyidengqimiaodechuanshuogushi。zhenggechuanshuogushi,neirongdoufanyinglezhengyizhechang,nifanzhewangzhegeguilv。liuxiusuiranbeiwangmangzhuishabuzhi,xingmingnanbao,danrengyouzhuangshi、lvlinhaohanxiangtou,zhongbaoliuxiuxinghanshimiemangzei。zailiuxiuzoutouwuluzhishi,tianbangmang,shiyuanzhu,shuxianshen,laoguasongxin,caobiyin。xiangrenmenqishiyigezhenli,zhengyizhebisheng。2007nian4yue,“wangmangnianliuxiudechuanshuo”beihenanshengzhengfugongbuweihenanshengshoupifeiwuzhiwenhuayichan。

3、dachunniu

dachunniushizhixianmeinianlichunshijuxingdeyixiangquanminnongsangdezhengwuhuodong,“chunniu”jinisudefangzhenniu。lichunqianyiri,zhixianqinlvzhongguan,shenzhuchaofu,gaoqingyizhang、“chun”zipai,daochengnanxiannongtanjisichunniuhemangshen,jibaiwanbi,zhixianzaifujintianlifuliqingengyizhierlongdi,biaoshidaiyuqingeng,yiqifengnian,ranhouyingchunduiwujiangshixianzhihaodetuniu、mangshentaizhixianyadatangqian“yingchunchi”panganfang。zhilichunri,xianyayimendakai,duiquanxianbaixingkaifang,datangqianshexiangan,baijipin,baixingshouzhicaiqi,qiaoluodagujujierlai。yishikaishi,zhixianmianbeierguizuosanxianjiu,zanliguanchang“changguansanjigu!”jibi,youchang“bianchun!”zhongguanliraoniusanquan,zhixianjiangchunniuchoupo,niuduneishixiantianmandewugu、ganguo、hongzao、hetaodengshiwufenfenluodi,zhongliyiyubaixinghuanhuqiangshi,qipanxindeyinianwugufengdeng、jinianyouyu。suihouguanminqichuxianyakaishiyoujienaochun,gule、shizi、gaoqiao、hanchuan、wulong、suonadengminjianwenyihuodongjinxingbiaoyan,guanmintongle,renaofeifan,daochuyangyizhujiqinghuankuaideqifen,jiangyingchunhuodongtuixianggaochao。

gaihuodongtixianleziguyilaicongzhongyangdaodifangzhengquanduinongyeshengchandezhongshi,zhezhongzhongshinongye、zhongshinongmindeminbensixiangzhidejintianjiejian。tongshi,tongguogaihuodongdekaizhan,yecushigezhongminjianyishudedaochongfendezhanshihechuancheng。2007nian4yue,“dachunniu”beihenanshengzhengfugongbuweihenanshengshoupifeiwuzhiwenhuayichan。

4、baotianmanchuanshuo

baotianmanweiyubabailifuniushannanlu,jianadapcyucexiaguanbeibudeshenshanzhong,zhelilinhaibiri,qunshanweiyi,yunraowuzhang,qifengzhengrong,haiba1840mi,denggaojimuyuantiao,shirenyourushenlinxianjing,chongrujiewang。

“baotianmanchuanshuo”yidabaohemanzhudezhongzhenaiqinglakaiweimu,dabaohemanzhuqingmeizhuma,suiranshuangfangshenfenxuanshu,dantianchangrijiu,shiguangchiran,jingguojiannanquzhedeshenghuomolian,zhongchengjuanshu。fuqierrenyiqunshanweijia,qunfengweiban,changnianleiyuezaizhelizaishu、zhonghua、guanhuniaoshou,babaotianmanzhuangdianchengrenjianxianjing。hourenweijinianzheyiduiweiminzaofu、enaiyoujiadefuqi,tejiangtamenerrendemingzihezaiyiqi,bazheyidaixiumeishanshuiqumingwei“baotianman”,congeryizhiliuchuan,yanyongzhijin。

pc加拿大 “baotianmanchuanshuo”yibaotianmanfengguangweisucai,bawanzhangsuoyandeqifeng、wanlvcuyongdeyihui、wanqingqianniandegulin、wanbanxiumeidepuquandengrongrumeilidechuanshuozhong,gushineirongpingshi,qingjieganren,juyouxianmingdedifangfengqing。congkegekeqide“yuzanggouchuanqi”、lingrenshenwangde“paomalinghuaigu”、chengxinweishangde“hongyanshaoshu”daozhanxianlaodongrenminpushishanliangde“gunianglou”、“shanyurouyuleipiya”deng,gei“baotianmanchuanshuo”pudianleshenhoudewenhuadiyun。qipusuziran、qingzhenyiqie、miaoquhengshengdedaliangchuanshuogushi,xiangzhengzhuneixiangrenminbaohuhuanjing、reailaodong、yudaziranhexiegongcundebodaxionghuai,juyoujigaodesixiangxing、yishuxinghejijidejiaoyuyiyi。tongshiyefengfulebaotianmanlvyoujingdiandewenhuaneihan,duidazaobaotianmanpinpai、tigaoneixiangzhimingduqidaolejidadetuidongzuoyong。2008nian3yue,“baotianmanchuanshuo”beinanyangshizhengfugongbuweinanyangshishoupifeiwuzhiwenhuayichan。

5、shitangshanchuanshuo

pc加拿大 shitangshanweiyujianadapcyucezhaquxiangxibu,diliweizhiyouyue,juqunshanhuanbaozhizhong,zhulinmaomi,quanshuichanchan,tianrandongxue,duzichengwu,shiweixiuxingzhichu。yugaixiangdeshengjiwenwubaohudanweidengyaoyizhi、wuwuminjucunxingcheng“jinsanjiao”,gengshiguanguanglvyouzuijiaquchu。

“shitangshanchuanshuo”zaineixiangjiayuhuxiao,wenmingxiaer。xiangchuan,nanbeichaoshi,youyixiudaorenlihe,shouxianrenzhidian,laidaoshitangshan,zaiqixiudao,huangyanbianshisishigechunqiu。zheyinianjiuhanwuyu,dadiguilie,hemiaokuzhi,baixingwangyanyuchuan,yankanjiuyaoesi。zheshihou,yongqingshanxiayouyiweijiaozhangshuangdenongmin,jiujidahuoshangtaoshuo: “renchuanshitangmayizishidedaodehuoshenxian,youyishandaohai、hufenghuanyuzhishu,rujinjiaotuyipian,zanmenhebujiesheqiubai,zhengjiuyifangshengling?”zhangshuangyanbi,zhongrendangjixiangying,yishijianbianpaoqiming,gulezhentian。zhongrencuyongzhuzhangshuangshangleshitangshan,qiubailihejiangyu。

pc加拿大 zhongrenlaidaoshitangshanmenwai,fenxiangkoubai,neilihechumenjishouxiangying。zhongrenjianlihehefatongyan,changranpiaoxiong,piaoranruoxian,wubuhuanhuqueyue。zhangshuangshuominglaiyi,liheyinglesheng: “wuliangtianzun”,jiershuo: “daotongtiandi,ganhuawanmin,chengxinsuozhi,cangtianbilian。zhongrenqieanxinguiqu,daipindaozuofaqidaotianting,sanrineikejiandayu。”zhongrenxinxi,gaocixiashan。

pc加拿大 lihejianzhongrenliqu,bianfanhuishitangshanbimuyangxing。yuyebanzishi,dengshangshitangshandetiantanpifazhangjian,tagangbudou,nianzhoushifa。yilianliangtianguoqu,wenfengbudong,zhaojiurirupenhuo,disizhenglong。lihexinjiao: daofawubian,zennaitianbuzhuwu?zhengrandaonian,hurancongwaimianyongjinshiergemiansegeyidewantong,jianlelihe,yiqiguidaokoubai: “wobeicanjianzhenrenshifu!”lihexinqi: xianshanjunling,hubaochumei,naliyunjizhemeduowantong?mangshuodao: “erdenghecunrenshi,buzaifumushenbianshouxiaonianshu,ranhechumeishanlin,jianwokouchengshizun?”neishiergexiaohaishuodao: “wobeishushizaibanshishitang,wuyanlingdizhengu,jinfengdashizhaohuanshiling,guciqianlaicanbai。”lihetingleruoyousuowu,zhengsedao: “erdengjishushangtianqianpaiqianlaizhuwu。wuzhengjiaoxinyumin,erdengkezhuwuzuofa,bushiyunyu。”shierxiaohaitingle,qishengdao: “jinzunshiming!”yanbi,tuihuishitang。

diertian,shizhizhongwu,tiansewalanxiangqing。lihexinshizhongzhong,dubushitangmenwai,hujianshiertiaoxiaolongzaishieryanquanshuishangxishuiliangjia。xiaolongjianleliheyiqiyinruquanzhong。zhenxiangdabai,lihexinzhongwanfengaoxing。

pc加拿大 disantian,zhengdangwushi,turanwuqidongnan,fengshengxibei,shashiyinyunsihe,wuyunyading,galayidaodianshanguohou,yinchulonglongjishengchenlei,jinjiezhupiaopodayuqingtianerzhu,baixingwangyuxinxi,paishouchengkuai。

yuguotianqing,wanwufusu,wanminhuanteng,benzouxianggao,yishichuanweishengshi,hongdongjingcheng。tangtaizonglongxindayue,chifenglihewei“cihuipujizhenren”,daxingtumu,guangweikuojian。shitangshanyoucichenglerenmenqiushenqiyu、baiyaoqiuzi、dinglimobaidedifangle。

pc加拿大 xianzaizhongguo“zhouyi”yanjiuhuidezhuanjiaxuezhemenduizhelidefengguangshengjingzanbujuekou,renweiyouzhongyaoxueshujiazhi,wenhuadiyunhouzhong。“shitangshanchuanshuo”yougushi、minyao、shigedengduozhongticai,fanyingrenwenchuanshuodeyou《mayiziguanzu》、《qiuchujiyuyelangdong》、《chenchuanbaishi》deng,fanyingfengguangchuanshuodeyou《shierlongtanchuanshuo》、《daxiaotianchichuanshuo》、《cuizhuyuantingqin》deng,fanyingshengjichuanshuodeyou《qianniangubodechuanshuo》、《paomalingdelaili》、《dongtianfudibaixianweng》deng。zhexiechuanshuogushijuyouxianmingdedifangtesehezongjiaosecai,xingshiduoyang,neirongfengfu,hongyangledaojiaxueshuodetianrenheyi、hemeihexiejingshenjidangdilaodongrenminchongshangzhen、shan、meideshanliangyuanwang。2008nian3yue,“shitangshanchuanshuo”beinanyangshizhengfugongbuweinanyangshishoupifeiwuzhiwenhuayichan。

6、mashantongyao

“mashantongyao”qiyuanyujianadapcyucemashankouzhen,liuchuanyuwanxigexian,yidaiyouyidaizaiminjianguangfanliuchuan,jingjiubushuai,yingxianghenda。bushaozhuanjiaxuezheduimashantongyaogeiyugaodupingjia,zuojiaxiewenling、junlvzuojiazhoudaxingengshiduimashantongyaozanbujuekou。

“yueliangzou、woyezou,wogeiyueliangganshengkou,yigangandaomashankou”shi“mashantongyao”kuaizhirenkoudedaibiaozuo。yiju“yigangandaomashankou”zaiyuxidiandingle“ergejingdian”he“tongyaozhizun”。

mashankouzhenzaozaiyuandaijiushangjiayunji,shilishishangwenmingyushidezhongyaocaijisandi。mingqingshiqie、yu、chuan、shan、hudengshangrenzaicikaidianjingshang,mashankoubeiyuweiwuhuatianbao、jingmaochangsheng、rencaihuicui、wenhuacanlandezhongzhoumingzhen。guyou“xiahankou,shanghekou,yaoshangjiushangmashankou”zhishuo。

pc加拿大 mashankouzaiminguoshiqi,tianningsibanyou“wanxixiangcunshifanxuexiao”,beichengzhiweiwanxide“zuigaoxuefu”、“huangpujunxiao”。jiashanglishiyilainanbeikeshangniangchengdeyidifengshang,chengjiudangdiduoyuanwenhua,duimashantongyaoyuanshengtaidejichengbaohuchanshengjudadetuidonghefazhan。“mashantongyao”shimashankoudangdiqunzhongqianbainianlailaodongyuzhihuidejiejing,youshimashankoude“mingpian”,gengshimashankoudejingshenxiangzheng。

“mashantongyao”yiergechuanchangweizaiti,zhangxianlaodong、shenghuo、yushi、mingli、qinxue、xiaolian、liyi、qinqing、hemu、boaidengzhongyuanminzudechuantongmeide。suoyoutongyaoyulirenjianqingzhen、shanebaoying、minshenghexie、jijixiangshang,jiyoushenyuanyiyi。rudaibiaoxingtongyao《yueliangzou、woyezou》: “yueliangzou、woyezou,wogeiyueliangganshengkou,yigangandaomashankou。daigeji,taowandou,daigehou,zaigentou,yizaizaidaosaozimenlitou,kankansaozihuazhentou。saoziburangkan,bazhuchuangziyaoyaokan,chuangzibadaole,saozixiapaole”。fanyingminfengde《bozuinv》: “bozuinv,kenshuohua,yishuoshuodaomashanao,yankanjiwayaoshangjia,piezhuhuo,dianshangdeng,huanyouliangjumeishuoqing”。fanyingxiangqingde《haoxifu》: “jianzijian,jianjiucai,heiyezuomenganjielai,nashangjinpenjiuhemian,miantiaoguoliyuanyuanzhuan,gongyiwan、poyiwan,zuihougeijieshengyiwan”。fanyingqinqingde《xiaoguaiguai》: “xiaoguaiguai,shuaimenxia,toushangpenggedageda,gedagedaxuanxuan,biejiaonainaikanjian”。fanyingliyide《shaishaigege》: “shaishaigege,dajiulailechishafan,dajidan,luoyouxuan,buchibuchiliangdawan。shaishaigege,dajiulailechishafan,wojiazhuzaimashankou,menqianyoutiaodahuanggou,shalechilejiuzaizou”dengdeng。

pc加拿大 “mashantongyao”shizainonggengshehuijingmaofadadewenhuaxianjinjizhen,qunzhongnongxianshizaiziyuziledejichushangqianchuibailianchanshengdeyizhongminjianwenxue。shidangdiqunzhongsixiangguanniandechanwu。tadeticai、neirong、chuanchangxingshisuidangshideminqingshefengtedianchansheng,juyoudutedexiangtuqixihetianyuanqingqu,xingshiduoyang,yuyanchunpu,langmanjiqing,henaifenmingdengyishutese。qijiazhibiaoxianwei:

(1)minsuxuejiazhi: congtongyaodebutongcemiannengkuishineixiangminsuyanbiandeguijiheshehuifazhanmoluo。

(2)yuyanxuejiazhi: mashantongyaowudiaoshidezhipuyuyan,tongsuyidong,tianjingkeren,yongdangdiliyuwujunichuanchang,yanjianyigai,jijudifangtezheng。

pc加拿大 (3)wenxuejiazhi: mashantongyaoduoyuanyiti,jikoutouwenxuezhijinghua,shiyanjiuneixiangminjianwenxuedebiaoben,gengshiwenxuechuangzuodejichu。2008nian3yue,“mashantongyao”beinanyangshizhengfugongbuweinanyangshishoupifeiwuzhiwenhuayichan。

7、xuanjiangshengyu

xuanjiangshengyushizhongguofengjianshehuixianjixingzhengchangguande“liudazhineng”zhiyi,shiduilaobaixingjinxingxuanchuanjiaohuadeyizhongxingshi。zhuyaoshijiaohuabaixingzhongjunaiguo,zunlaoaiyou,qiexiangshan,hemuxiangli,yibaochishehuiwending,gonggufengjianzhengquan。

jushiliaojizai,conghandaikaishijiuyi“xiangyue”dexingshiyueshubaixing,mingchukaiguohuangdizhuyuanzhangbanbule“liutiaoshengyu”,chengweimingdaijiaohuabaixingdebiaozhun,qineirongwei“xiaojingfumu,zunjingchangshang,hemuxiangli,jiaoxunzidi,geanshengli,wuzuofeiwei”。qingshunzhijiunian,banbule《shunzhiliuyu》,neirongtongming;kangxijiunian,youxiugaichongshi,banbule《shengyushiliutiao》,zuoweiquanguojiaominzhibiaozhun。yongzhengernian,yongzhengdiyouyumeitiaoxiajiayizhushi,yongtongsuyuyanjieshuo,bingfuzaijianminglvli,cheng《shengyuguangxun》,guidingmeiyueshuo(chuyi)wang(shiwu)rigediguanyuanzhaojiguanminrendengdingdianxuanjiang,tebieshiyongzhengdizai《qinbanzhouxianshiyi》zhongyaoqiuzhouxianguanqinjiangshengyuhou,gedizhixianjunqinzixuanjiang。qingdaimoqi,jianadapcyucexuanjiangshengyudejigoucheng“yuesuo”,gongyou82chu,“zaichengzheliu,zaixiangzheqishiliu”。

pc加拿大 jiushixuanjiangshengyuyijiangsuoweidanwei,chengliyouxiangliyeyou,fangshihechengxudatongxiaoyi,juziliaozaihelaorenmenhuiyi,gaihuodongneirongwei: meiyuedechuyiheshiwuliangribadaojiudianzuoyou,zhongrenjiangxiangan、shengyupai、qifan、zhonggudenganfangtuodang,zhixiantongguanyuanrenyidengqianwangdamenwaixuanhuapaixia,xianbaishengyu,xingsanbaijiukoudali,erhoutingzhonganzunbeichangyoucixupailie,baixinghuanyuzhouwei,youzhixianxuanjiangshengyu,bingyoujiangsheng《jiangzheng、jiangfu》errenxietongjieshi,xuanjiangwanbi,baisongshengyu,guanyuanrenyihuiya,shenshibaixingdengshisan。

shengyushiliutiaodeneirongwei: “dunxiaotiyizhongrenlun,duzongzuyizhaoyongmu,hexiangdangyixizhengsong,zhongnongsangyizuyishi,shangjiejianyixicaiyong,longxuexiaoyiduanshixi,chuyiduanyichongzhengxue,jiangfalvyijingyuwan,minglirangyihoufengsu,wubenyeyidingminzhi,xunzidiyijinfeiwei,wanliaoqianyishengcuike,xiwugaoyiquanliangshan,jienitaoyimianzhulian,lianbaojiayimidaozei,jiechoufenyizhongshenming”。

pc加拿大 qingwangchaomiewanghou,gaihuodongyebeifeizhile。muqianjianadapcyuceyabowuguan,rengbaocunyoujiushixuanjiangshengyushiyongde“shengyuguangxun”qifanhe“xuanhuafang”。gaixiangmujiushifenbuyuquanguogedixianjiyamen,xianjinyoujianadapcyuceyabaocunxialaibingdingqijuxingxuanjiangbiaoyan。2003nianyilai,jianadapcyuceyabowuguanzuzhixiangguanrenyuan,duigaixiangmuyouguanjizaijinxingsoujizhenglihelunzhengquerenhou,yantaochoubei,bingyu2004nianxiangshehuituichugaixianghuodong,zaixianlishichangmian。youxianyabowuguanneiburenyuanzucheng,zuchengyanchuduiwu,meifengzhouliu、zhourihejiejiari,shangwujiushibanzaixianyadamenwaixuanhuafangxiagongkaiyanchu《xuanjiangshengyu》。muqianshangyandeshixuanjiang《shengyushiliutiao》zhongdediyitiao“dunxiaotiyizhongrenlun”。

pc加拿大 gaihuodongtixianleziguyilaiwoguolidaizhengquanmianduibaixingxuanchuanjiaohuagongzuodegaoduzhongshi,fanyinglewoguochuantonglishiwenhuadebodajingshen,weihuleshehuidewending,tuidonglelishiqianjin。shenruduigaixiangmudewajue、yantaobinghuifu,xuanchuanqiyouxiudeminzuwenhua,duichuangjianhexieshehuijuyouyidingdejijizuoyong。2008nian3yue,“xuanjiangshengyu”beinanyangshizhengfugongbuweinanyangshishoupifeiwuzhiwenhuayichan。

8、zhumawu

“zhumawu”shijianadapcyucefenbujiaoguang、liuxingjiaozaodeminjianwudao,dansuizhushidaibianhuaheyulexingshiduoyanghua,xianzainengbiaoyanqiejiaowanzhengdezhiyoumashankouzhendamogangcunle。qizhuyaodaojuyibanshiyongzhumiezhachengmadexingzhuang,waimianhuzhihuobu,huogengjingxidezhashangrongxian,congmayaobufenweitouweiliangjie,xizaiwuzheyaoshang,wuqilairuqimazhuang。wushibiaoxianqimaxuxing、jichi、tiaoyue,dongzuoqingsonghuopo,reqingbenfang,shierbiangebianwu。

mashan“zhumawu”debiaoyanrenshuzuiduodashiliuren,zuishaosanren,erwurenbiaoyandexingshijiaoweibiezhi。biaoyanshi,youlianggejudengzhe,shoujudengpai,gechuanyishenlvcaiyi。shouxianzaiyanchuchangsuozhonggudingweizhi,erdengpaixiangjuyuewumi,hongma、baimabozishanggeguabagetongling,qihongmazhechuanyishenhongyi,qibaimazhechuanyishenbaiyi。hong、baimagesuidajilejiezoufenbieraopaizizou“8zi”xing。ganjiaozherenyigenzaiyipimadehoubianyangbiancuima。zheshi,hong、baimaxianlaihuiraopaizidenghuanbenzhuan,ranhou,jichibenpao、tiaoyuezhiliangmaxiangyu,huxiangqinni,erhouyouhuxiangsiyao,ganjiaozhebiandaliangmafenkai,hongmajiben,baimakaishiwodibuqi,ganjiaozhebianchoubaima,renaobaimayoutiyouyao,shiwudaoqingxudadaogaochao。eer,liangmazhengchangxingzou,ganjiaozhezhanzailiangmazhongjian,qingsongwobian,suidajilebianwubianchang: “xialaichangzizuogeyiya,zhongweixianshengniyabiejiya,jizhuzhumabuwayaojinna,jizhuguniangnenbuyayiya”。huanyouchangduan: “luoguyiqiaoneigezhansuoyasuoyahaha,tingwochanggeshizigeyaai,yizineigeyihengyiyadaoheya,yiyuanfushidoubachunjieguo。erzilianghengpingxingzhu,liangjiaaihaodouqiuxishiduo,sanzisanhengpingxingzhu,sanyuanjidizaichaoge,sizihaoxianggesizizuo,sijifacaiyuanbaoduo。wuziwanyaopanpanzuo,wugufengdengliangshiduo,yidianyihengliangyanerdeng,(bai)shigeliuzi,liuchuxingwangmanshanpo,yihengyishuwangegou,(bai)shigeqizi,qiqiaolinghuoxixinwo,yipieyina(bai)shigebazi,baxianqingshounenghuoyibaiduo,yipieyihengshuwangou,(bai)shigejiuzi,jiuchangfuguixishiduo,yihengyishu(bai)shigeshizi,shiquanshimeihaodemeishashuo。shunchangshizige,daochangshizige,shunchangshizigehuanhaochang,daochangshizishizaibuhaoxue……”

pc加拿大 zhengyueshiwuwanzhuma,yuezaigongyuansanshijijiuyou。jierirenaofeifan,yibanshicongzhengyueshiwuyekaishidaozhengyueshiqiyezhi。yanchangzhechangciyougudingde,yeyouxinshounianlaide,xianchangfahuiyuguanzhongjiaoliu,miaoquhengsheng,dadoushizai“dashizi”、“wanhanchuan”zhihoucaidaxianshentong。biaoyanshi,qimazhereqingbenfang,ganjiaozheqingsonglinghuo,huajierbuxialiu。shiliurendebiaoyanxiongzhuang、relie,hong、bai、heimageyipai,suichangcibianhuanduixing,youkuai、zhong、manbu。meimabageling,shiliurenqibenqilai,duiwu、lingshengxiongzhuangfeichang,yipaiweiwuqixiang。

pc加拿大 “zhumawu”yanchumeiyouguanxianle,zhiyoudajilebanzou,guomenquanyongdajilepudian,changshidajilejijiezou,henyouyuanshi、xuannao、xiongzhuangqifen,juyoudutedeyishujiazhihejiaogaodeminsuyanjiujiazhi。2008nian3yue,“zhumawu”beinanyangshizhengfugongbuweinanyangshishoupifeiwuzhiwenhuayichan。

9、guci

guciyouchengshuoshu,sucheng“guerheng”,shiyizhongminjianwenxueyishubiaoyanxingshi,juyouhenqiangdejiezouheyunlv,youjuyoushuohechangdeyishubiaoxian,shuyuquyidefanchou。shuoshujiushiyirenyongdangdideyuyanjianglishijinxingyanyi,huozhejiangminjianliuchuangushiru“ershisixiao”youchengshenghuoduanzi,jiezhuyuguheyunbanliangzhongdajileerjinxingshuohechangdeyizhongyishubiaoxianxingshi。tajishiyimenyuyanyishu,youshiyimenshuochangyishu,keyishuomeigeshuoshuyirenjijingtongyinlvyoushiyuyandegaoshou,tamenduiyuyanzhemenyishuhenyouyanjiu,zaiyuqi、yusu、yingao、yinsedengyuyanjiqiaofangmianyehenyouzaoyi,bingshanyumofanggezhongrenwudeyuqishengdiaoheziranshengxiang,shiyongyoumohuixiedeyuyan,jiangyuanbenhaobudongrendegushijiangdehuishenghuise,jingcaizhichuwangwangmiaoyulianzhu,jiyayunyoushengdong,rangrenpaianjiaojue,renbuzhujizhangjiaohao。jubendechuangzaoxingfahuishigushihexiaoshuodeshenmeiquweijinliangbendihua、qunzhonghua,congershishuoshuzhemenyishugengshendezhishenyuqunzhongzhongqu,chengweimingfuqishidedazhongwenhua。

shuoshuzailishiwenhuachuanchengzhongyouzhubuketidaidezhongyaodiwei,tashiguangdajicengqunzhongjieshoulishijiaoyu、chuanbodeniudai,xiyinleyidaiyouyidaidetingzhong。wangwangzainongxianheyutian,dajiacouqianhuocouliangqingyirenshuoshu,renmenweichangerzuo,zixilingting,huotang,huozuo,huobang,huokao,huobimutaozuizaijuqingzhizhong,zhitingdao“yuzhihoushiruhe,qietingxiahuifenjie”,renmenwangwanghuanshibuyuanliqu,chanzhuyirenzailaiyiduan。

pc加拿大 shuoshuyishuqiyuanyuchunqiushiqi,xiangchuankongzibeicaiguokouliu,qidiziliyongzijidecongmingcaizhi,jianglaoshiguanshudezhishibianchengyayundejuzi,shouchizhuban,bianjibianshuo,zhongjianglaoshijiuhui。shuoshuzaizhongyuandadiyuanyuanliuchang,qieshuoshuyirenzaiyidingshiqitedingquyuyouzhuqitayishuxingshibuketidaidezuoyong。shangshijimo,yinnongcunwenhuashenghuodebuduanfengfu,gezhongwenyimeijiedebuduanchuxian,yijikuaijiezou、gaoxiaolvdeshenghuofangshidechongji,shuoshuzhegegulaodeyishuyijianjiandanchurenmendeshiye。muqianzaijianadapcyucehuanyoushaoshudifangshaoshurenduizhemenyishuyiranqingyouduzhong,yudaonianlaijiedaohuohunsangjiaqushihuiqingzhexieyirenqianqushuochang。


shuoshuyishucongchunqiushiqizhijin,youjiqianniandelishi,jibenshangshinongcunminjiandeyizhongcaogenwenhua。liuchuanxingshiwangwangshishitukoukouxiangchuan,meiyouzhuanmenxuetanglaijiaoshou,yineryirenwangwangzhizhidaozijidelaoshi,qiexingtaojiandan,durenjinxing,yishouqiaogu,yishoudayunban,suishisuididoukeyilaiyiduan。jutiyunzuowangwangyehenjiandan,huoyouqiandahuchuziqingchang,huoyouyirenchengtouaijiaaihucouqian、couliangqingchang,jibenshangshiyichangcigeibaochou,danyeyousongchangde,biruzaimougedifangyilianyanchushitianbatiande,yirenhuizailinzouqianbuyaobaochou,zaisongyichanghuoyitian,yishiduidangdirendeganxie。shuoshudetedianshiyanchudeshijiandidiansuiyi,bushouxianzhi,yanchuzhenrongzuixiao,yanchuneirongzuifengfu,jinengjiangchuqianchaolishi、gudairenwu、minjianyingxionghaojie,younengjiaogeizuorendedaoli,yindaobaixingbianbieshane,shulizhengyigan,yujiaoyule。2008nian3yue,“guci”beinanyangshizhengfugongbuweinanyangshishoupifeiwuzhiwenhuayichan。


zerenbianji: guanliyuan

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