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“一個少數民族也不能少” ——記習近平總書記在寧夏考察脫貧攻堅奔小康

pc加拿大門戶網站  theleapingfrog.com   2020-06-12 15:52:37   來源: 中國政府網

  新華社銀川6月11日電?題: “一個少數民族也不能少”——記習近平總書記在寧夏考察脫貧攻堅奔小康

pc加拿大  renminribaojizhedushangze、wanghanchao,xinhuashejizhezhangxiaosong、zhujichai

pc加拿大  ningxiabeibusuchengchuanqu,dehuangheshuizhili,dishipingtan,hequzongheng,hubozhongduo,wanrujiangnan;zhongbuhuangmogebi,ganhanshaoyu,fengdashaduo,tudipinji;nanbuqiulinggouhelinli,yinshigaohan,suyou“kujijiatianxia”zhicheng,shiguojiajipinkundiquzhiyi。

pc加拿大  baituopinkun,shiningxiayouqishinanbuxihaigudiquqianbainianlainanyipojiedeyidaonanti。

  20duonianjian,xijinpingzongshujisifuningxia。1997nian,zaifujianshenggongzuoqijian,taqiantoufuzeminningxiezuoduikoubangfu,diyicizoujinningxia。xihaigudejianwenrangtashenganzhenhan:

  “wocaizhenzhengtihuidaoshenmejiaojiatusibi。yijiazijimeiyouzhuoyibandeng,yemeiyoupugai。jialiweiyide‘caichan’shiguazaifangliangshangdeyicuofacai,jiukaomaizhemeyidianfacailaimaiyouyanjiangcu。”

pc加拿大  suihou,2008nian、2016nian,taliangcilaidaoningxia,zhongdiandoushifupin。

  zheciqu,zhengshijuezhanjueshengtuopingongjiandeguanjianshike。taqianguazhuneixiehuanmeiyoutuopindekunnanqunzhong,diannianzhuneixieganggangtuopin、rizihuanbufuzudexiangqinmen。

  6yue8rizhi10ri,xijinpingzongshujidaoningxiakaochadiaoyan。3tianshijian,wuzhong、yinchuanliangdi,jinnongcun,chahuanghe,fangshequ,zoutianjian,kantanqu,lieriyanyan,fengchenpupu。

  yiqiezaigaibian。20duonianlai,ningxiachengxiangmianmaofantianfudi,qunzhongshenghuozhengzhengrishang。

  weiyibubiande,shizhongguogongchandangrendechuxinheshiming,shizhongruyi,jianrupanshi。

  黃河新村看變遷

  1997nian,lainingxiafupindexijinping,tuidongshishileyixiangzhongdagongcheng“diaozhuangyimin”: rangshenghuozai“yifangshuituyanghuobuleyifangren”dexihaiguqunzhong,banqiandaohelanshanjiaoxiadehuangheguanqu。taweiyimincunzhuangmingmingwei“minningcun”: “minningcunxianzaishigeganshatan,jianglaihuishiyigejinshatan。”

pc加拿大  hanlaishuwang,shiguangrusuo。20duonianlai,ningxiayoujinbaiwanqunzhongcongnanbushanqubanlechulai,guangminningcunjiuluxujieshoule4wanduomingyimin。xiri“tianshangbufeique,dishangbuchangcao,fengchuishalimandipao”deganshamotuotaihuangu,minningcunyeshengjiweiminningzhen。zhecilai,xijinpingzongshujizhuanmenxunwenleminningzhendejinkuang。

pc加拿大  cixing,xijinpingzongshujidiaoyanlelingwaiyigeshengtaiyimincun,huangheanbiandexincun——hongdecun。

pc加拿大  cunzizuoluozaiwuzhongshihongsibaoquhongsibaozhen,dichuningxiazhongbu。yuanbenzheliyeshiyipianhuangmo,guaqifenglai“yiwanfanbanwansha”。shangshiji90niandaiqi,kaoyijijibengzhan,bahuangheshuiyanggaoshubaimi,ziyangchuyipianlvzhou。

  huizuqunzhongliukeruiyijiayuanlaizhuzaixihaigude“shanwowo”li,8nianqianyiminbanqiananzhidaolezheli。

  xijinpingzongshujilaidaotajiazuoke。liukeruipeizhuzongshujiwuliwuwaikanleyibian。menkoudeniupeng,zhengjiedexiaoyuan,changliangdewoshi,huanyouganjingdechufang。zaichufang,zongshujixianguogai、kaibingxiang、ningshuilongtou,kandeshifenzixi。

  zaiketingli,liukeruiyijiaweizuozongshujishenbian。laoliangkou、erzierxi、sunzisunnv,liukouzhijiaqilerongrong。xijinpingzongshujixunwentamenhuanyoushenmekunnan。laoliuxingfendibaogaozongshuji: “qianliangnianjiutuopinle!”tabaizhuzhitouyixiangxiangsuan:

pc加拿大  zijifuzekanhucunkouxushuichi,laobanjiujindalinggong,yinianxialaishaoshuoyeyouliangsanwan;erzierxizaifujindefangzhichangdagong,nianshouruwuliuwan;jialiyanglesantouniu,yinianjingzhuanyiwanduo;huanyoutudiliuzhuanfei、hezuosherugufei……quanjianianrushiduowanyuan。

  liukeruilianshangshimanmandehuodegan。shouruduole,huaxiaohuanshaole。jiujinjiuye,shengqulewaichudagongdezhusufei、huoshifei、jiaotongfei。liangshishizijiazhongde,kanbingyouxinnonghe,haizishangxueyouyiwujiaoyu。tagaosuzongshuji: “shenmenanshigongchandangdoubangzhuxiangqinmenjiekun,xiangqinmendaxindiliganxiedangdehaozhengce,zhenzhengtihuidao‘gongchandangqin,huangheshuitian’!”

pc加拿大  tanachuyizhanglaozhaopian。neishibanlixihaigulaojiashipaide。

pc加拿大  neilishandagoushen、powulanshan,zhinengkaotianchifan,“zhongxiayidaizi,shoushangyimaozi”。xijinpingzongshujijieguozhaopianzixiduanxiang,buyougankai: “jinfeixibi,huangrugeshia!”

pc加拿大  zaicunli,xijinpingzongshujitedikaochalefupinchejian: “bushibanguolaigaijijianpiaoliangfangzijiuxingle。xiangqinmenbanchulaihou,yaowendezhu、nengzhifu,cainengzhaxiagen。”

pc加拿大  zheshiyijiaminningxiezuodefupingongchang,chejiangongrendoushifujindecunmin,duoshilaoruobing。tamenbenshituopindeduanban,rujinzaijiamenkouganhuo,meitianweizhixiangchuanbashou,yueshouruqianyuanzuoyou。

  chejianfuzerenaigexiangzongshujijieshao。jieshaodaocunminlaosongshi,zongshujiwentaduodanianji,laosonggaosuzongshujitajinnian63sui,xijinpingzongshujiqinqiedishuo: “nihuanshiwolaodini!”cunminlaozheng,jinnian67sui,zongshujishuo: “zanliatongsui!”

  meixiangdaozongshujizhemepingyijinren,laozhengxiaodehebulongzui。qunianfupinchejianzhaogongqishitiechulai,tadiyigejinlechang。tagenzongshujishuo: “rizizaojiubunanle,laizheerzuogongjinengzhuandianqianbutiejiayong,younenggendahuoshuohualaoke,haozhuni!”

pc加拿大  chejianqiangshang,yixingbiaoyushifenxingmu: “wohejiarenyiqibenxiaokang”。

  zongshujiduichejianfuzerenshuo,xingbanfupinchejian,mudejiushiweilefupin。yaojianchifupinxingzhi,duozhaoshoukunnanxiangqinjiuye。qiyecanyuxingbanfupinchejian,xianfudaihoufu,henyouyiyi。

  稻花香里說豐年

  tianxiahuanghefuningxia。huangheliuchuqingtongxiahou,youbentengzhuanweihaodang,xingchenglechongjipingyuan,shicheng“hetaopingyuan”。yinchuanpingyuanchuyuhetaopingyuanxibu,sucheng“xitao”。zihantangyilai,zhelijiukaishikaiquyinshui、kaihuangtuotian,beiyuwei“saishangjiangnan”。

  helanxiandichuyinchuanpingyuanhexinqu。dingzhulieri,xijinpingzongshujizoujindaoyukongjianxiangcunshengtaiguanguangyuan。gaishengtaiguanguangyuanyoubushaochuangxinzuofa: daotianjizhongdaoyouyangyuyangxie,yuxiefanguolaigeidaotianshifei;nongmintudiliuzhuan,jiashangwugongherugu,jishigongrenyoushigudong;youkejikeyiguanguangyoulan,youkeyipinchangmeishi、goumainongchanpin。zheshiyitiaowanzhengdeshengtailian,yeshiyitiaoyanchangdechanyelian。

  tuopinbenxiaokanglushang,ningxiazhengzaitansuoyitiaoxiandaitesenongyefazhandezhuanxingzhilu。

  xijinpingzongshujitinglejieshao,hanshouzanxu: “zhelibujinyou‘yichan’,huanyou‘erchan’、‘sanchan’,shuiziyuanliyongxiaolvtigaole,fujiazhiyeshanglaile。”

  ningxiatesenongchanpinzhanting,caixianyufei、guaguopiaoxiang。xijinpingzongshujiyiyiduanxiang。hongtongtongdeshizijiao、heiququdexihongshi、kelibaomandegouqi、rouzhixinendetanyangrou……manmandeningxiatese。yiqingfashengyilai,zhelidenongfuchanpinyouyuzhiyoupinhao,xiaolumeiyoushoudaotaidayingxiang,fanertongguolenglianyunshudakaixindeshichang。zongshujiqiangdiao: “womenyaobakuodaneixuzuoweiyigezhanlvejidian。zhongguobenshenjiushiyigedashichang,you14yirenkoudexiaofeishichang。kaituoshichangxuyaogaozhiliangchanpin,bunenggao‘guadaicai’zhileidedishuipingjianshe。”

pc加拿大  xijinpingzongshujidengshangtatai,jumuyuantiao。qianmudaotian,lvbodangyang。

  tayantiangengzoujindaotianshenchu。tianlilaozuodecunminmenkandaozongshuji,fenfenweilongguolai。

  tamendoushifujindecunmin,meiyuewugongfei3000duokuai,niandihuanyoufenhong。yiweinianqingcunminxiaozhushuo: “womenzhongdejiushizijidedi,geizijidagongni!”tagaosuzongshuji,yimudiyinian800kuaidetudiliuzhuanfei,xiangqinmentudiliuzhuanduodesansishimudi、shaodeshiduomudi,youshiyibibuxiaodeshouru。

  “dajiadoushigudongle!”zongshujiyoumodehua,yinlaixiangqinmenhuixindexiaosheng。

  shehuizijinzhuru,qiyehuayunying,nongminguangfancanyu,“tudirugu”、“liangshiyinxing”、“daikuandanbaojijin”dengxinmoshi……xiridedaotianbianchenglechanyeyuanqu,guoquzhizhixiadiganhuodenongmin,yeyigegexueqilexingainianxinjishu。xijinpingzongshujidingzhu: “fazhanxiangcunchanye,yidingyaotuchunongminzhutidiwei,shizhongbabaozhangnongminliyifangzaidiyiwei,bunengboduohuozhexueruonongmindefazhannengli。bunengbanongmintudinazoule,gandehonghonghuohuode,quegennongminmeiguanxi。yaogongtongzhifu。”

  xijinpingqiangdiao,tuidongnongyezhuanxingfazhanshiningxiatuidonggaozhiliangfazhantizhongyingyouzhiyi。ningxiayaozhenxihuangheshuiziyuan,zhuyijiejuehaodaoshuimaodun,diaozhengnongyechanyejiegou,jijifazhanjieshuixing、gaofujiazhidezhongyangye。

  zainingxia,huanghebeichengwei“muqinhe”,helanshanbeichengwei“fuqinshan”。huangheshuizirunzhuzhepiantudi,helanshanzugeleshamodongyi,huweizhuzhepianpingyuan。

  xijinpingzongshujichengchelaidaohelanshandongludehuanghetanqu。zhanbanshangdezhaopianxianshi,guoqudaowadaocailiuxiadeluankengqianchuangbaikong,jingguozhengzhihourengyixikebian。zongshujizhulizaizhanbanqian,yuantiaoweiweihelanshan,yuzhongxinchangdishuo,shengtaixiufuyaofuchuhendadaijia,danbunengyousihaohanhu,bixuxiadaqilizhuahao。ningxiatongguotanquzhengzhi,fazhanputaozhongzhi,jifazhanlechanye,yougaishanleshengtai,bianfeiweibao,zhideguli。

  黃土地上的牽掛

  zhecikaocha,shixijinpingzongshujijinnianquanguolianghuihoudiyici“chuyuanmen”。

  heweirenminzhishang?quanguolianghuishang,tajiangdao: “womenzheyidairenyouzhegeqingjie,yidingyaorangwomenlaobaixingguoshanghaorizi,tebieshiyaofunongminyiba。”

  huangtudishangdeqingjie,huangtudishangdeqiangua。zainingxiakaochaqijian,xijinpingzongshujizaiciqiangdiao: “wulunshiquanmianxiaokang、tuopinhuanshixiandaihua,yigeshaoshuminzuyebunengshao。gezuqunzhongshiyigedajiating,yaoxieshoubingjin。”

  “zhongguogongchandangguoqushiqiongrendedang,datianxiashiweileqiongrenfanshendejiefang。tianxiadaxialaile,jiuyaoranglaobaixingguoshangxingfushenghuo。xinzhongguochengli70duonianle,jinglilegezhongjiannanxianzu,yudaolegezhongkunnantiaozhan,womendouzouguolaile,kaodejiushibuwangchuxin、laojishiming。”

  quanmianjianchengxiaokangshehui,pinkunrenkouquanbutuopin,shiwomendangxianglishi、xiangrenminzuochudezhuangyanchengnuo。dangdeshibadayilai,dangzhongyangyiqiansuoweiyoudelidushishituopingongjianzhanlve,pinkunrenkoucong2012nianniandide9899wanren,jiandao2019nianniandide551wanren,meiyinian、meiyiyueshenzhimeiyitian,jianpinshuzidouzaibianhua。

pc加拿大  zongshujigankaidishuo,womenzhaozhu1921niandangchenglishisuolixiadezhixiangyizhizuoxialai,yibuyibudichaozhushixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdehongweimubiaofenjin。jinnian,womenyaoshixiandiyigebainianfendoumubiao,quanmianjianchengxiaokangshehui。xiaokangbuxiaokang,guanjiankanlaoxiang,zhongzhongzhizhongshifupin。congmuqiankan,xianxingbiaozhunxiadetuopinrenwuwomenshiyounengliwanchengde。

  tuopingongjian,chengjiufeifan,zheshidangdaizuishengdong、zuizhenshi、zuijushuofulidezhongguogushi。

  qizuoshiyejian,qijiangbiyebiju。yuedaozuihou,yueshizuinankendeyinggutou;turuqilaidexinguanfeiyanyiqing,youzengjialegongjiannandu。2016nianxijinpingzongshujilainingxiakaochashi,ceng“jiudiqucai”dalegebiyu: “jiuxiangliupanshanshidangnianhongjunchangzhengyaofanyuedezuihouyizuogaoshanyiyang”,rangpinkunrenkouquanbutuopin,shiwomenquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehuibixufanyuedezuihouyizuogaoshan。

  diaoyanqijian,zongshujilejiedaoningxiadepinkunrenkoucong2012niande90duowanjianshaodaoquniande1.88wan,taguanqiexunwen: “fanpindeduoma?fanpindeyuanyinshishenme?”

pc加拿大  “fanpinduoshiyindabingzhongbing,qunianningxiayoujishihufanpin,jinnianyeyoushaoshuqunzhongzaoyufangongnan,yinyifanpin。”zizhiqudetongzhihuibaoshuo。

pc加拿大  xijinpingqiangdiao: “quanbutuopin,bingbushishuojiumeiyoupinkunle,jiukeyiyilaoyongyile,ershizhituopingongjiandelishijieduanwanchengle。xiangduipinkunwentiyongyuancunzai,womenbangfukunnanqunzhongderenwuyongwuzhijing。”

pc加拿大  “woduociqiangdiao,tuopinzhaimaobushizhongdian,ershixinshenghuo、xinfendoudeqidian。suizhurenmenduimeihaoshenghuoxuqiuriyizengchang,womendegongzuohuanyaobuduantigao,bangfudelingyuyaobuduankuoda。jianglaibangfunongcunxiangduipinkunqunzhongdegongzuo,yaonarudaoxiangcunzhenxingzhanlvezhongqu。”

  wuzhongshilitongqujinhuayuanshequdewanglanhua,shiyiweihegongheguotonglingdelaomofan,shishequzhiyuanzhededaitouren。jiandaozongshuji,tajidongdishuo: “2016nianninlainingxiadiaoyan,ninjiangdeyijuhuawoniannianbuwang,‘shehuizhuyishiganchulaide’。dangshiwotingle,yanleishuadijiuliulexialai。guojiafazhandaojintianburongyi,shiyibuyibuganchulaide。”

pc加拿大  “zheqizhongyebaokuoniheguangdazhiyuanzhe,dajiadouzaigana!”zongshujidehuawennuaneryouli。

  “jinguanwomendegongzuohuanyouhenduoburuyidedifang,womenyaozuodeshiqinghuanyouhenduo。danshi,youdanghezhengfuchixubuduannuli,yourenminqunzhongziligengsheng、jiankufendou,womenyidinghuiguoshanggenghaogengxingfudeshenghuo。womenyaoyouxinxin。”

pc加拿大  hongdecunlaoliujiaketingli,yipenpenhuahuiqingxiangyiren。guoqu,xiangqinmenzhushangouli,chidouchibubao,nayouxinsiyanghua。rujin,hongdecunjihujiajiahuhudoumaishanglejipenhua。

  chuangmingjijing,yicucu、yiduoduo,yingzhuyangguangzhanfang。

zerenbianji: guanliyuan

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